Judge 法官 (MP3)

Judge 法官

1,A good judge can extend the boundary of justice.

优秀的法官能够拓展正义的疆界.

2,A judge cannot be a witness in his own cause.

法官不得在其受理的案件中当证人.

3,A judge cannot punish a wrong done to himself.

法官不得对使自己蒙受的过错进行惩处.

4,A judge incurs no civil liability for judicial acts, even if guilty of fraud and corruption.

法官不得因其司法行为而承担民事责任,即使犯有欺诈与贪污罪.

5,An upright judge has more regard to justice than to me.

法官能公正,重法不重人.

6,法官必须有合法的理由方可偏离根据判刑准则所确定的量刑范围.

If the judge departs from the sentencing guideline range he must have a lawful reason for such a departure.

7,法官应当依法秉公办案.

Judges shall handle cases impartially and in accordance with the law.

8,社会的大多数争议并非都要通过法院体系解决.

Most disputes that arise in any society are not handled through the court system.

9,起诉者不得兼为法官.

No one can be at once suitor and judge.

10,任何人不能审判自己的案件.

No one can be judge in his own case.

11,Sentencing is at the discretion of the judge.

量刑由法官自由裁定.

12,The chairman of the tribunal asked to see all the facts on the income tax claim.

审判长要求考虑所有有关所得税主张的事实.

13,The judge was appointed to sit in a special case.

该法官被任命审理一个特别案件.

14,The magistrates committed her for trial at the Crown Court.

治安法官将她带到巡回刑事法庭受审.

15,The judge accepted the defendant’s understanding not to harass the plaintiff.

法官认可了被告不去骚扰原告的承诺.

16,The judge decided in favor of the plaitiff.

法官判原告胜诉.

17,The judge disallowed the defense evidence.

法官没有采信辩方证据.

18,The judge exceeded his powers in criticizing the court of appeal.

法官越权对上诉法院进行批评.

19,The judge found that te plaitiff’s pleadings disclosed no cause of action.

法官裁定原告诉状没有说明诉因.

20,The judge heard the case in chamber.

法官不公开审理该案.

21,The judge must not hear the evidence or the representations from one side behind the back of the other.

法官不得背着一方当事人去听取另一方的证据或者陈述.

22,The judge ordered the actions to be consolidated.

法官命令将诉讼合并审理.

23,The judge refused the application, on the ground that he had a judicial discretion to examine inadmissible evidence.

法官拒绝了申请,根据是他有审查不被采信证据的司法裁量权.

24,The judge revised his earlier decision not to consider a submission from defense counsel.

法官修正了他早先不考虑被告方律师意见的决定.

25,The judge warned counsel not to prompt the witness.

法官告诫律师不得诱导证人.

26,The judge was of the opinion that if the evidence was doubtful the claim should be dismissed.

法官认为,如果证据有疑,应当驳回主张.

27,The justices were ordered to rehear the information.

法官被命令重新审理起诉.

28,The Lord justice said he was not laying down guideline for sentencing.

大法官说他现在没有制定判刑的标准.

29,The judge consented to the request of the prosecution counsel.

法官同意控方律师的请求.

30,The practiced of the judge is the interpreter of law.

法官的通常工作是解释法律.

法律英语听力MP3合集

Insurance 保险 Real property 不动产
Process 传票 Judge 法官
Law 法律 Court 法庭
Citizens’ right 公民权利 Company law 公司法
International law 国际法 Negligence 过失行为
Partnership 合伙 Contract and agreement 合同和协议
Environment protection 环境保护 Marriage and family life 婚姻和家庭
Prosecutor 检察官 Traffic 交通
Encumbrance 财产负担 Police 警察
Jurisprudence 法理 Lawyer 律师
Offense 犯罪 Instrument 票据
Jurisdiction 管辖权 Appeal 上诉
Customs and tariff 海关和关税 Death penalty 死刑
Settlement 和解 Costs 诉讼费
Shipping and maritime law 货运和海商法 Juvenile delinquency 未成年人违法
Loan and lease 借贷和租赁 Punishment 刑罚
Legislation 立法 Remedy 救济
Jury 陪审团 Contempt of court 藐视法庭
Tort 侵权 Bankruptcy 破产
Trial 审判 Tax 税收
Pleading 诉辩状 Litigation 诉讼
ownership 所有权 Agency 委托代理
Consumer’s right 消费者权益 Trust 信托
Criminal law principles 刑法原则 Criminal investigation 刑事侦察
Medical care 医疗保健 Duty 责任
Transaction 业务交易 Bidding 招投标
Plaintiff and Defendant 原告和被告 Intellectual property 知识产权
Debt 债务 Will and Succession 遗嘱和继承
Securities 证券 Gift 赠与
Arbitration 仲裁 Evidence 证据

Associate justice是助理法官的意思吗?

Associate justice  一词直接在网上翻译的结果是‘最高法院的陪审法官,助理法官’。这个翻译是不准确的。

Associate Justices are the members of the Supreme Court of the United States other than the Chief Justice of the United States.  – 维基百科

由此可见,“Associate Justice”并不是“陪审法官”更非“助理法官”而是地地道道的“法官”。

“Associate Justice”与“Justice”同义,即(不担任院长或庭长)的“大法官”(称其为“大法官’是为了和普通‘法官’Judge有所区别)。

(Associate Justice在日语里面译作“判事”,即中文“推事”,也就是我们常用的“法官”——而不是什么望文生义的“助理法官”或“陪审法官”。

另外,在中国,中华人民共和国最高审判机关最高人民法院的首席大法官由院长本人兼任。

法庭上可以称法官为judge吗?

在一次’moot court’上,一个学生竟然直接把法官称为’judge’。虽然在一般场合称法官为 “Judge”者很普遍,但开庭时却对法官的称呼一定要用“Your Honor”。下面来看一段法官的庭审对话片段。

The judge asked “Do you admit that you’ve stolen the grocery store?”

“No, Your Honor” the suspect answered.

同样的错误也发生在国外学生上,但在中国的外国留学生用汉语做模拟庭审时,有的国外学生竟然把”Your Honor”称为大老爷!

有这个例子可以看出法律英语的特殊性!